Scientific publications by various researchers with high ozone efficiency in virus deactivation

Ackey D., Walton T.E. 1985. Liquid-phase study of ozone inactivation of Venezuelan Equine

Encephalomyelitis virus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 50: 882-886.

Bolton D.C., Chung ZEE Y., Osebold J.W. 1982. The biological effects of ozone on representative members of five groups of animal viruses. Environ. Res., 27 (2): 476-484.

Carpendale M.T.F., Freeberg J.K. 1991. Ozone inactivates HIV at noncytotoxic concentrations.

Antiviral Res., 16 (3): 281-292.

Cataldo F. 2006. Ozone degradation of biological macromolecules: Proteins, hemoglobin, RNA, and DNA. Ozone: Science and Engineering, 28: 317-328.

Chun-Chieh Tseng, Chihshan Li. 2008. Inactivation of surface viruses by gaseous ozone. J. Environm. Health., 70 (10): 56-62.

Herbold, K., Flehmig B., Botzenhart K. 1989. Comparison of ozone inactivation, in flowing water, of hepatitis A virus, poliovirus 1, and indicator organisms. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 55: 2949– 2953.

Hudson J.B., Sharma M., Vimalanathan. 2009. Development of a practical method for using ozone gas as a virus decontaminating agent. Ozone: Science and Engineering, 31: 216-223.

Katzenelson E., Kletter B., Shuval H.I. 1974. Inactivation kinetics of viruses and bacteria in water by use of ozone. J. Am. Water Works Assoc., 66: 725–729.

Kekez M.M., Sattar S.A. 1997. A new ozone-based method for virus inactivation: preliminary study. Phys. Med. Biol., 42: 2027-2039.

Khadre M.A., Yousef A.E. 2002. Susceptibility of human rotavirus to ozone, high pressure, and pulsed electric field. J. Food Prot., 65: 1441-1446.

Kim J.G., Yousef A.E., Dave S. 1999. Applicaction of ozone for enhancing the microbiological safety and quality of foods: a review. J. Food Prot. 62 (9) 1071-1087.

Lam K.K.K. Ozone disinfection of SARS-contaminated areas.

Lin Y.-C., Juan H.-C., Cheng Y.-C. 2007. Ozone exposure in the culture medium inhibits enterovirus 71 virus replication ans modulates cytokine production in Rhabdomyosarcoma cells. Antiviral Res.,76: 241-251.

Majumdar S. B., Ceckler W.H., Sproul O.J. 1973. Inactivation of poliovirus in water by ozonation. J.Water Pollut. Control Fed., 45: 2433–2443.

Roy D., Wong P.K.Y., Engelbrecht R.S., Chian E.S.K. 1981. Mechanism of enteroviral inactivation by ozone. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 41:718–723.

Shin G.-A., Sobsey M.D. 2003. Reduction of Norwalk virus, poliovirus 1, and bacteriophage MS2 by ozone disinfection in water. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 69: 3975-3978.

Shinriki N., Suzuki T., Takama K. et al. 1998. Susceptibilities of plasma antioxidants and erythrocyte constituents to low levels of ozone. Haematologia, 29: 229-239

Sunnen G.V. 2014. MERS, SARS, and emerging Coronaviruses: Theoretical considerations and a proposal for critical care parenteral oxygen/ozone therapy. Http://

Tseng C., Li C. 2008. Inactivation of surface viruses by gaseous ozone. J. Env. Health., 70: 56-62. 

Vaughn J.M., Chen Y.S., Novotny J.F. 1990. Effects of ozone treatment on the infectivity of hepatitis a virus. Can. J. Microbiol., 36: 557-560.

Wells K.H., Latino J., Poiesz B.J. 1991. Inactivation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 by ozone in vitro. Blood, 78 (1): 1882-1890.